Glossary - Inglés - El conflicto en contexto. Un análisis en cinco regiones colombianas, 1998-2014 - Libros y Revistas - VLEX 850318288

Glossary

AutorAndrés Dávila Ladrón de Guevara/Gustavo Adolfo Salazar Arbeláez/Alexander González-Chavarría
Cargo del AutorEditores
Páginas809-813
GLOSSARY
Analysis aimed at mechanisms: is analysis is based on the hypothesis that mechanisms are contex-
tual, which implies that their setup and specic operation depend on the context or systemic level where
they operate. To the extent a system is congured through a structural dimension and a dynamic dimen-
sion, the core mechanisms used to describe or explain certain results of interest must match these specic
dimensions. erefore, mechanisms are not regularly treated as invariable regularities; that is, like near-
social laws, independent from the observation time and space.
Critical junctures: It refers to the times when complex and contradictory social processes are
converge and tend to produce more or less profound social changes. Collier & Collier (1991) use them
to identify development patterns over time in dierent countries compared. In turn, they dene them
as the periods of signicant changes that commonly occur dierently in all countries (or other analysis
units) and generate dierent types of legacy. e authors also point out that critical moments may involve
a relative period in which a certain direction (or path) is adopted and, usually, its eects are combined
with other change processes. Because of its focus, this perspective is essential to the study of the crisis,
sequences and frequencies of development, continuity and change in national and international econom-
ic policies, forms of institutionalization (particularly neo-institutional), among other events. (Collier &
Collier, Shaping the Political Arena. Critical Junctures, the Labor Movement and Regime Dynamics in
Latin America, Princeton, 1991).
Data model: is the operationalization of the conceptual elements of the analysis framework (con-
text, agent, processes, results).
Demilitarized Zone: Area granted by the government of president Andrés Pastrana through Res-
olution 85 of 14 October 1998 to undertake a peace process with the FARC-EP. It included an area of
42,000 square kilometers and was comprised of the municipalities of La Uribe, Mesetas, La Macarena
and Vista Hermosa in the provincial department of Meta and San Vicente del Caguán in the provincial
department of Caquetá.
Failed state: e concept of failed state is a contemporary idea that basically realizes the problems,
shortcomings and inability of some States to respond to the diverse demands of their citizens. It would be
the internationalists Herman and Rartner who, in the early 90s, were the rst to use the concept of failed
State. ese analysts were concerned about a new model through which a State would become totally
unable to remain a member of the international community. According to these authors, a failed State
would endanger its own citizens and threaten its neighbors, because of the inux of refugees, political
instability, conicts, revolutions and other (Di John, 2010). To this rst denition, other theories have
been added, which have conveyed that the failed State concept should be a term that, despite its use and

Para continuar leyendo

Solicita tu prueba

VLEX utiliza cookies de inicio de sesión para aportarte una mejor experiencia de navegación. Si haces click en 'Aceptar' o continúas navegando por esta web consideramos que aceptas nuestra política de cookies. ACEPTAR